Periodontal Disease: Causes and Symptoms - Healthio Turkey

Periodontal Disease: Causes and Symptoms

February 16, 20240

Periodontal disease is also known as gum disease. It is characterized by the presence of bacteria. Risk factors include poor oral hygiene, genetic inheritance and various diseases. The most appropriate treatment method is decided according to the causes of the disease.

Gum disease is a health problem that can often be prevented with oral hygiene. However, the situation may change when genetic factors come into play. When periodontal disease treatment is considered, the source of the problem should first be determined.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a disease that develops due to infection in the gums surrounding the teeth. Dental care should be taken into consideration as there may be chronic inflammation. Also, a dense accumulation of bacteria can cause plaque formation.

If plaque formation is not prevented, many different problems such as tooth loss may occur. Serious conditions such as gingivitis and periodontitis can develop. Although periodontal disease is not directly contagious, the situation is slightly different for periodontitis.

In terms of periodontal diseases, the development of problems may be much faster in puberty. This is because hormones develop and the risk of disease transmission increases. Especially those who are in puberty should act a little more carefully.

Is Periodontal Disease Contagious?

Scientific researches indicate that gum diseases are not contagious. However, the risk of infection is extremely high in people with very poor oral health. Anyone who does not care about teeth and oral hygiene is vulnerable to infections and dental diseases.

In order to eliminate possible problems, you should pay attention to oral and dental health. Even if periodontal disease is not contagious, you should take steps that will contribute to your overall health. Thus, you can manage to stay away from gum disease risk factors.

When it comes to contagious, gum disease and periodontitis should be handled separately. Periodontitis is a periodontal disease and can have an infectious effect. It is important for the dentist to make an accurate assessment when it comes to managing the disease.

gum disease

What Are The Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease?

Symptoms of periodontal disease can be very diverse. The most quickly noticeable is bleeding in the gums. Having loose teeth is also an important symptom. However, a dental examination may be necessary to detect problems such as gingivitis and chronic halitosis.

  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis is a condition directly linked to gum diseases. It can be noticed immediately by factors such as redness and swelling in the gums. To prevent gingivitis from progressing, you should pay attention to your oral and dental health.
  • Teeth become too loose: If your gums are inflamed, the bones that hold the teeth in place deteriorate. As a result, teeth become loose and bacterial accumulation accelerates. The spread of bacteria must be stopped as soon as possible.
  • Bleeding gums: When there is a bacterial layer on the teeth, bleeding gums may occur due to inflammation. Bleeding is especially noticeable when brushing teeth. If steps are not taken for oral and dental health, bleeding gums can turn into periodontitis.
  • Feeling pain while chewing: Infection in the gums affects the bone and creates a feeling of discomfort. As periodontal disease progresses, pain becomes more severe. A dental examination and treatment plan are required to solve the problem.
  • Chronic halitosis: Halitosis is a bad breath problem. The reason for the problem is largely the bacteria that form in the mouth. If you have bad breath that cannot be resolved, you should be careful. Because it may be a symptom of gum disease.

If you think you have periodontal disease, you should have a dental examination. It is important to take action before the symptoms of periodontal disease progress too much. Otherwise, you may have gum diseases that cannot be reparable.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

The number one cause of periodontal diseases is bacteria. Infections occur when bacteria begin to form plaque. Especially having poor oral hygiene is a serious triggering factor. However, other factors must be taken into account for gum disease.

  • Poor oral hygiene: Poor oral hygiene is the main responsible for periodontal diseases. It can affect everything, including the rapid progression of problems. It triggers factors that can cause gingivitis. It can also cause permanent gingivitis.
  • Heart disease: Bacterial infections pose a risk for heart disease. The main reason is that periodontal diseases increase the inflammation load. Atherosclerosis may develop and this is one of the main causes of heart strokes or attacks.
  • Diabates: People with diabetes have a very high risk of developing tooth and gum diseases. A decrease in glucose level increases the risk of developing disease. At the same time, if oral hygiene is poor, gum disease can progress to tooth loss.
  • Smoking: Smoking is a risk factor for all dental diseases. The more cigarettes a person smokes, the higher the risk of experiencing disease. Even if you are not careful, problems such as tooth loss may occur. It can also cause treatments to progress slowly.
  • Hormonal factors: Hormonal factors such as pregnancy, puberty and menopause affect the occurrence of dental diseases. Differences in hormone levels can affect the entire body. All problems, including gum disease, can progress quickly.
  • Certain medications: Hormone medications, psychiatric medications, and more can affect oral health. Medications can cause gums to enlarge. They negatively affect the body’s fight against infections and can make bacterial growth widespread.

You should be careful about the causes of periodontal disease. Any factor you overlook can negatively affect your health. You may encounter problems that are difficult to repair, including tooth loss. A comprehensive examination is an important step for treatment.

periodontal disease

How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?

Not all diseases described as periodontal disease are treatable. This is because it is not possible to regain the structural support around the teeth if you lost gums. For this reason, treatment is only possible for diseases that are detected early.

Considering gum disease, gingivitis is a treatable disease. You can be treated with regular dental care and approaches that support oral health. You should remember that your treatment duration may be different depending on your dentist’s preferences.

1. Dental Cleaning And Oral Hygiene

If you detect your periodontal disease very early, it is possible to eliminate the problem by paying attention to oral hygiene and brushing your teeth every day. As long as you don’t experience bone loss, you can get rid of the bacteria that harm your mouth.

You should start brushing your teeth at least twice a day as soon as you notice the symptoms of periodontal disease. You can use dental floss and should not neglect your routine dental examination. You can use mouthwash with your dentist’s approval.

2. Professional Teeth Cleaning

Professional teeth cleaning is slightly different from cleaning steps you take at home. A deep cleaning is performed under your gums. Thus, plaques and bacteria are eliminated. Teeth cleaning can be taken a little further and the root surfaces can be smoothed.

If you have professional teeth cleaning periodically, you can prevent bacteria from adhering to your gums. Cleanings are performed under local anesthesia and you may need to visit the dental clinic several times. However, it is ideal to prevent risks such as periodontitis.

3. Surgery For Pocket Reduction

If your gum disease is a little advanced, bone surgery may be used for treatment. Pocket reduction surgery can be performed to reach the plaques located very deep under the gums. Your dentist makes an incision in your gums and begins to remove bacteria and plaque.

As part of periodontal disease treatment, surgery for pocket reduction can sometimes be combined with other treatments. For example, extra efficiency can be obtained from the treatment by performing it together with tissue regeneration or similar treatments.

4. Gum Grafting

If there is loss of gum tissue, gum grafting treatment may be used. The purpose of the treatment is to close any exposed tooth roots. In this way, thickness can be added to your gum line. If you are experiencing gum recession, tissue is added to the relevant areas.

If you experience gum recession, your tooth roots will be exposed. In this case, conditions such as tooth sensitivity, bone loss, tooth decay and tooth loss may occur. With gum grafting, the problem of lost tissue is eliminated and general oral health is supported.

5. Bone Grafting

Bone grafting can be applied within the scope of periodontal disease treatment. If you experience bone loss due to disease, this treatment method is inevitable. After the infection in your gums is cleared, a bone graft is placed in the area where the erosion occurs.

Bone grafting is applied to repair damaged bones. The bone to be used during treatment may be from the patient’s own tissue. Since surgery is necessary, it is performed with anesthesia. It is one of the special treatment methods in oral and dental health.

Regardless of the treatment to be applied, the dentist’s approval is required. By identifying the causes of periodontal disease, the dentist can decide on the most appropriate treatment plan. If diseases are a causative factor, the dentist can guide you appropriately.

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