Causes of Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) - Healthio Turkey

Causes of Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)

February 16, 20240

Teeth grinding or bruxism is an involuntary action. If left untreated, it can damage teeth and jaw. Causes of teeth grinding are diverse and some may even cause tooth loss. A specific treatment method is required to eliminate the effects of teeth grinding.

Bruxism treatment varies depending on the types of teeth grinding. Sometimes jaw muscles are relaxed using dermal injections. Sometimes medication is administered or the person is expected to make lifestyle changes. Treatment is determined depending on the symptoms.

What Are The Causes Of Teeth Grinding?

Teeth grinding or bruxism is the involuntary grinding of teeth. There are different types, but the most annoying is grinding during sleep. Because people are not aware that they grind their teeth while they are asleep. A solution must be produced when the problem is noticed.

Even if the causes of teeth grinding are clearly known, there is no treatment that will completely stop grinding. Treatments only improve your quality of life by reducing the effects of bruxism. You can resort to both professional solutions and home care tips.

1. Sleep Related Bruxism

Sleep bruxism is one of the most common teeth clenching and grinding conditions. It is considered a sleep disorder. Because grinding your teeth means interfering with your sleep pattern. It is more common in children than in adults and is a more serious problem.

Sleep bruxism is the most common teeth grinding issue. It may present different symptoms compared to awake bruxism or daytime bruxism. It may wake you up at night and cause other problems such as jaw pain, jaw stiffness and earache.

2. Stress Related Bruxism

Stress related bruxism is slightly different from other types of teeth grinding. Because the cause of teeth grinding is linked to emotional factors. Problems like anxiety increase the emotional burden you have. You should comfort yourself by getting emotional support.

  • Anger: Constant anger can put serious strain on the jaw muscles. You try to relax by grinding your teeth. It is one of the most serious causes of emotional teeth grinding.
  • Grief: Being constantly sad is not good for your emotional health. Over time, you become too lazy to even move your mouth and you grind your teeth involuntarily.
  • Depression: Being depressed destroys your body’s defense mechanisms. When you’re depressed, you may grind your teeth annoyingly and involuntarily.
  • Loneliness: Loneliness is one of the most insidious causes of teeth grinding. It works whether in the morning or at night and can persuade you to grind your teeth.
  • Worry: Endless worry takes you away from peace and makes you angry. It is one of the most effective causes of teeth grinding among emotional factors.
  • Anxiety: If your mind is not in a good state, you will encounter serious problems such as anxiety. Restlessness always spoils your mood and you experience teeth grinding.

If you want to fight with stress, you should have knowledge about stress management. You must learn to keep your emotions under control. Most importantly, you should know that there is a difference between stress related bruxism and awake bruxism or sleep bruxism.

teeth grinding causes

3. Bite Issues

Even if you apply relaxation techniques correctly, you may not be able to avoid the causes of teeth grinding. The source of the problem may be primary bruxism or secondary bruxism. However, if you have bite problems, it is quite natural to grind your teeth.

  • Dental Dentures: Dental dentures may become damaged over time. Damaged dentures cause many problems, including teeth grinding. If you have biting problems, you do not need to look far for the causes of teeth grinding.
  • Malocclusion Problems: Overcrowding of your teeth is one of the easily noticed causes of teeth grinding. Your gums may become irritated with each bite. In order to live a balanced life, you must solve problems such as malocclusion.

The slightest deformity in your jaw or teeth can cause friction problems. Wherever the problem is, you need to ensure it is detected. The causes of teeth grinding should be examined closely when deciding on the most appropriate method for your treatment.

4. Medical Conditions

Medical conditions are one of the causes of teeth grinding. You may have been grinding your teeth at night for years. The main reason for this may be health problems. Neurological problems, medications used and sleep disorders can trigger the problem.

  • Substance Abuse: Substance abuse is dangerous to every aspect of your health. The quality of your life begins to decline drastically. Your oral health deteriorates considerably. To end teeth grinding, you must quit substance abuse.
  • Medications: Even though you try countless relaxation techniques, you may not be able to get rid of the bruxism. Medicines used to treat various diseases can cause problems. You can consider alternative treatments under the supervision of a doctor.
  • Neurological Disorders: Even if your jaw is very strong, neurological disorders can cause serious bruxism problems. You need to treat neurological factors such as night terrors, epilepsy and dementia rather than physical problems.

Causes of teeth grinding can be very different. Headaches, jaw pain and constant stress are a constant in your life. If you want to do yourself a favor, you should pay attention to the symptoms of teeth grinding and take the necessary steps to eliminate the discomfort.

What Are The Symptoms And Types Of Teeth Grinding?

Symptoms of teeth grinding are quite diverse. Most people do not even realize that they have a teeth grinding problem. They may become aware of the problem when they go to the dentist when their teeth are worn down or when they experience severe jaw pain.

While trying to understand the symptoms of teeth grinding, you also need to master the types of teeth grinding. Having knowledge about primary bruxism, secondary bruxism, awake bruxism and sleep bruxism is necessary to discover the most ideal treatment.

Types of Teeth Grinding

Teeth grinding is divided into two groups: primary bruxism and secondary bruxism. It also has two types: sleep bruxism and awake bruxism. It is important to know what problem you are facing. This way, you can take appropriate relief and treatment steps.

  • Sleep Bruxism: It is the most common type of teeth grinding. It is the problem that puts the most stress on the jaw muscles when teeth are grinded.
  • Awake Bruxism: Teeth grinding problems experienced while the person is awake are called awake bruxism. Causes of teeth grinding may be the same as sleep bruxism.
  • Primary Bruxism: Teeth grinding problems that are not related to any health condition are called primary bruxism. It is experienced involuntarily and unconsciously.
  • Secondary Bruxism: Secondary bruxism refers to problems associated with neurological disorders and medications. Causes may not be the same as others.

Types of teeth grinding are critical in determining the steps for treatment. Suggestions for primary bruxism should not be offered to someone experiencing secondary bruxism. No matter how well the causes of teeth grinding are understood, treatment must be specific.

Symptoms of Teeth Grinding

Teeth grinding treatment is determined according to the symptoms. The most serious ones are jaw pain and jaw stiffness. If these cannot be kept under control, other problems such as headache and earache may occur, regardless of the causes of teeth grinding.

  • Jaw Pain: If you clench or grind your teeth every night, you will experience jaw pain over time. Jaw pain is one of the clear symptoms for teeth grinding.
  • Jaw Stiffness: Even though the causes of teeth grinding are very different, the clearest effect they create is stiffness. As a result, you may experience pain even while speaking.
  • Tooth Wear: Teeth grinding may cause teeth wear. You may feel like your teeth are gritty. You will have more difficulty with each chewing.
  • Facial Pain: If you have been suffering from teeth grinding for a very long time, you may experience facial pain. Facial pain can be felt beyond jaw pain.
  • Disrupted Sleep: It is one of the most obvious symptoms. Grinding your teeth during sleep causes sleep disruption. Even greater disorders may occur.

Causes of teeth grinding are at least as important as the symptoms. If you can’t find the condition causing the problem, you won’t have a proper treatment plan. No matter what type of teeth grinding you are facing, you should first clarify the causes and symptoms.

teeth grinding treatment

What Are The Treatment Methods For Teeth Grinding Disease?

If you are facing a bruxism or teeth grinding problem, you can get support from a dentist for comprehensive treatment. What the treatment will be depends on the causes of teeth grinding. A different approach is followed for stress-related problems.

  • Dental Correction: Dental correction is an effective method for teeth grinding. It is often used as part of comprehensive treatments. If potential problems such as tooth wear have emerged, orthodontic corrections may be considered.
  • Behavioral Therapies: If you experience stress-related teeth grinding, behavioral therapies may be effective for you. You can manage to eliminate the anxiety you experience by changing your behavior and resorting to relaxation techniques.
  • Stress Management: Stress management techniques are necessary to relax and relieve pressure in the mouth. In addition to the main treatment method, you can benefit from relaxation techniques, massage, yoga and deep breathing techniques.
  • Occlusal Splints: It is one of the controversial situtations in teeth grinding treatment. Occlusal splints can reduce pain by interfering with muscle activities. However, it is not a direct treatment option. It is considered a supporting step.

Teeth grinding treatment should be specific to the individual. First, the causes of teeth grinding should be learned. Afterwards, the necessary procedures, including relaxing the jaw muscles, should be applied and the person should be brought back to health.

What Can I Do To Stop Grinding My Teeth?

Grinding your teeth loudly throughout the night is a seriously disturbing behavior. Over time, your teeth wear down and you may experience constant pain in your jaw. Although it’s a good idea to utilize comprehensive treatments, you may want to take individual steps first.

  • When teeth grinding bothers you a lot, you can put a cold cloth on your chin area. If you are extremely sensitive to cold, you can use a warm cloth. A slight temperature change will distract you from the grinding feeling.
  • Try to use muscle relaxation techniques. Exercise different muscle groups in your body. In general, going from top to bottom is pretty good. You should not forget to breathe and rest while exercising your muscles.
  • Chew a gum with relaxing extracts shortly before going to bed. If you don’t like chewing gum, you can suck on mint candy. For chewing gum, mint, lavender or chamomile aromas are an ideal choice for relaxation.
  • Do breathing exercises before sleeping to relax your body. Taking deep breaths can relax you. Breathe in through your nose and hold your breath for a few seconds. Then release the breath you were holding through your mouth.
  • Stop consuming caffeine and spicy foods later in the day. Beverages containing caffeine and spicy foods affect your sleep. For this reason, you are more likely to encounter problems such as grinding and clenching.

Whatever the causes of teeth grinding, you need relaxing techniques. It’s a good idea to chew soothing gum, use deep breathing techniques, and practice constantly. If nothing works, you should consult a dentist and apply for comprehensive teeth grinding treatment.

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