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Dental Calculus (Tartar): Causes And Treatment - Healthio Turkey
 

Dental Calculus (Tartar): Causes And Treatment

February 16, 20240

Dental calculus is a deposit that causes stains on the teeth to accumulate and discolor the teeth. Since its bond with the teeth is very strong, professional dental cleaning is required. It is also known as tartar, and tartar can even make plaque difficult to clear.

Anyone who cares about oral care should be careful about tartar formation. Brushing your teeth regularly prevents the accumulation of bacteria on your teeth. However, as bacterial accumulation accelerates with age, more professional steps may be needed for cleaning.

What Is Dental Calculus?

Dental calculus occurs if plaque on the teeth is not cleaned. Minerals in human saliva interact with bacterial plaques. As a result, it forms crystals that harden. Bacterial plaque can be removed by brushing your teeth, but dental calculus is a little different.

You need to get support from your dentist for tartar removal. A method called scaling is used to scrape the tartar off the teeth. The tooth surface is smoothed and plaques are prevented from adhering. Also, tartar formation in the future can be prevented.

Tartar formation occurs when plaques interact with calcium. The resulting surface has a structure that allows bacteria to easily cling to it. Plaques release toxins and irritate your gums. As a result, several gum health problems such as inflammation happen.

Dental calculus is not directly linked to dental cavities, but it may be related to tooth loss. When you have problems with gum health, you may experience tooth loss. Particular attention should be paid to infection because infection can cause serious damage to bones.

Bacteria can enter to the bloodstream due to gum health and infection problems. They then reach other parts of the body and cause systemic health problems. Supporting oral hygiene is very important to avoid further health problems such as heart disease.

preventing dental calculus

Preventing Dental Calculus Formation

To prevent tartar buildup, it is enough to pay attention to oral hygiene. Oral hygiene should be a routine part of your life. If regular toothpastes do not help, you can turn to toothpastes that prevent tartar formation and significantly reduce tartar.

You may consider using antimicrobial mouthwashes to prevent tartar buildup. Mouthwashes alone are not a solution to tartar. If you floss and gargle while brushing your teeth every day, you will prevent bacteria from accumulating and turning into plaque and tartar.

Correct tooth brushing techniques keep tooth surfaces clean. Since bacteria do not have the opportunity to accumulate, tartar formation cannot occur. If you support your tooth brushing habit with flossing, you can clean areas that the brush bristles cannot reach.

Causes And Formation Of Dental Calculus

Dental calculus occurs due to plaques. Over time, the calcium phosphate mineral in your saliva adheres to the area where plaque forms. As a result, bacteria find a new breeding ground and tartar buildup occurs, which cannot be cleaned by normal ways.

  • Oral Hygiene: Poor oral hygiene is one of the most important factors responsible for tartar formation. If you do not take the necessary steps regarding tooth brushing, flossing and mouthwash use, you may get into trouble with tartar.
  • Wrong Diet: If your eating habits are wrong, you may have problems with tartar. If you consume sugary and excessively starchy foods too often, harmful bacteria will damage your tooth enamel. You may experience tooth decay and tooth loss in the long term.
  • Age Factor: As you get older, saliva formation in your mouth decreases and your immune system begins to work less efficiently. You may fall behind in the fight against tartar. For this reason, you should take steps to keep the immune system strong.
  • Tobacco Use: Tobacco use reduces saliva formation in the mouth and invites different toxins. Too much tobacco use damages the body’s natural defenses. Therefore, if you smoke, your risk of tartar formation and systemic health problems is higher.

The biggest factor in tartar formation is calcium-based minerals. On the other hand, their effectiveness is around 40%. Fossilized bacteria, uncleaned food particles and some microorganisms are other factors that are effective in tartar formation.

Effects Of Dental Calculus On Oral Health

If left untreated, dental calculus not only causes oral and dental problems. You may also experience systemic health problems. You should eliminate or reduce tartar by getting support from a dentist before it causes other health problems.

  • Gum Inflammation: Dental calculus increases the risk of gum inflammation. It damages the bond between the tooth and gum. More bacteria accumulate at the base of the teeth and toxins can turn into inflammation and cause bleeding gums.
  • Periodontal Disease: If gum inflammation is not controlled, the problem progresses and different periodontal diseases occur. The fibers that keep the teeth stable are broken down. More plaque buildup begins to form below the gum line.
  • Bad Breath: Dental calculus can cause bad breath. Plaques that break down on the tooth surface create bad breath. This is due to the emergence of various gases. If left unchecked, tartar can turn into chronic bad breath.

Professional dental cleaning is the best way to follow after tartar formation. Beforehand, you need to pay attention to oral hygiene with habits such as tooth brushing, flossing and using mouthwash. Remember, if you want to prevent something, take action before it happens.

dental calculus and plaque

Difference Between Dental Calculus And Plaque

Understanding the difference between plaque and dental calculus is quite simple. Dental calculus are solidified forms of plaques. Tartar forms when plaques interact with the minerals in your saliva. There are certain differences between them in terms of their characteristics.

  • Plaque can appear as soon as a few hours after brushing your teeth. Plaque hardens within a few days and turns into tartar.
  • Plaque has a sticky structure and can be cleaned with simple methods. Professional dental cleaning is necessary because tartar is a hard mineral buildup.
  • Plaque is pale yellow in color and is difficult to detect because it can even be colorless. Tartar sticks to the teeth and is white, brown or yellow in color.
  • Brushing your teeth or mouthwash is sufficient to remove plaque. Advanced cleaning methods such as scaling are required for tartar removal.
  • If plaque is not removed and forgotten, it hardens over time and turns into tartar. Tartar spreads to other areas in the mouth and can cause periodontal disease.

Understanding the difference between plaque and tartar is essential to discovering treatment methods. Your dentist can come up with various solutions for both. Despite this, your duty is to ensure that plaques are removed before they turn into tartar, through oral care habits.

How Do You Treat Tartar?

Professional dental cleanings are the most effective method for tartar removal. Your dentist can remove accumulated tartar in a single session. In very advanced cases, several visits are required. Your dentist must provide complete information before dental calculus cleaning.

It is almost impossible to remove tartar without scaling. The amount of tartar you have and the time it has accumulated affects the frequency of professional dental cleanings. If deep cleaning is not performed, gum inflammation or periodontal disease may occur.

You may want to resort to natural methods to reduce tartar. Chewing sugar-free gum is one of them. Specially produced toothpastes are another solution. In some cases, gargling with a mixture of baking soda and water may be beneficial to fight against tartar.

Your dentist performs deep cleaning using the ultrasonic scaling method to eliminate tartar. There are many different hand instruments that can be used for scaling. All these instruments are for professional use and are not suitable for home use.

If you do not want tartar to turn into a serious problem, you should take preventive steps at the plaque formation stage. Paying attention to oral care is one of them and is the only habit that can prevent you from encountering bad breath, tooth loss or other problems.

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