What Are Dental Braces And How They Work? - Healthio Turkey

What Are Dental Braces And How They Work?

February 15, 20240

Dental braces are a type of device used in orthodontic treatments to solve problems such as alignment of teeth. There are different types of dental braces used in treatments. First, it is decided why the treatment will be applied and then the type of braces is selected.

The most effective method to solve problems such as overcrowded teeth is to resort to dental braces. You can decide on the best option by consulting with the orthodontist. You should also know that you will need to make some changes in your lifestyle.

What Are Braces?

Braces or dental braces are a preliminary part of orthodontic treatments used to gradually make teeth straighter. In the treatment, the pressure factor is used to align the teeth. They consist of various components such as small brackets, arch wire and rubber bands.

Braces can be made from a wide variety of materials. Stainless steel and clear ceramic are the most commonly used. They can be chosen depending on the patient’s needs and the type of treatment. For example, the same type is not used for jaw alignment and crooked teeth.

Regular check-ups are needed when they are part of any treatment. Oral hygiene is essential for the treatment. If discomfort occurs, medications can be used. Additionally, diet changes should be made depending on the type of dental braces used.

Clear aligners can be preferred as an alternative to classical braces types. However, classical methods are more effective in solving orthodontic problems. It is very important to start treatment early to eliminate problems such as teeth alignment.

Why Are Braces Used?

In order for your dental structure to be considered healthy, your teeth must be aligned. People whose teeth are not aligned benefit from orthodontic treatments. There are many different problems that require the use of dental braces for healthy teeth.

  • Speech Problems: Your teeth should be in normal order. If you have teeth alignment problems, you may have difficulty speaking. You may encounter problems such as stuttering and lisping. Dental braces can be a good solution.
  • Overcrowded Teeth: Due to lack of space, your teeth do not align correctly and teeth turn shifts may occur. This teeth alignment problem is called overcrowded teeth. Dental braces can be used to prevent further problems, including jaw alignment.
  • Crooked Teeth: Crooked teeth can cause gum disease and speech problems. Dental braces can be used to solve the problem of crooked teeth. Thus, the alignment of the teeth is corrected and further problems are prevented.
  • Teeth Space Problems: The space between your teeth should be at the ideal level. If the gaps between teeth are too few or too many, you may encounter gum problems. At the same time, you may experience bad breath problems very frequently.
  • Overbite Problems: Overbite indicates that there is an alignment problem between the upper teeth and lower teeth. This condition affects many conditions, from eating problems to gum damage. A solution can be created with orthodontic treatments.

Even if you do not have any orthodontic problems, you may want your teeth to look straighter. You need to be examined by an orthodontist to find out if there are any problems with your teeth. Many things can be noticed after the comprehensive examination.

types of dental braces

What Are The Types Of Braces?

Braces have been the most effective solution to correct misaligned teeth over the years. Developments in the field of orthodontics enable the emergence of different treatments. You should consider the pros and cons of each when trying to decide which is best.

In many cases, you should follow your dentist’s advice when making your choice. If you do not want to have problems while brushing your teeth or performing other oral hygiene steps, it is important to make the ideal choice for dental braces.

1. Traditional Metal Braces

Traditional metal braces are the most common type used in teeth alignment treatment. They are produced using stainless steel. Their biggest advantages are their customizable structures and affordable prices. They are more resistant to breaks and bending than others.

Even though they are durable, traditional metal braces have certain disadvantages. They can cause pain and irritation in the first days after treatment. Additionally, people who use traditional metal braces need to be extra careful about what they eat and drink.

2. Self-Ligating Braces

Self-ligating braces have built-in brackets. They increase the movement efficiency of the teeth by minimizing friction. They can be made of metal or transparent materials. They are very easy to maintain, but most importantly, they reduce the treatment time considerably.

Self-ligating braces are produced from transparent materials. Special technologies are needed for their production and they are more costly than standard solutions. Additionally, due to their structure, self-ligating braces are not preferred in all orthodontic treatments.

3. Clear Aligners

Clear aligners are an alternative treatment method to eliminate problems such as teeth alignment. They are made of transparent plastic and are individually planned. They are very comfortable to use because they can be easily removed and cleaned.

Although clear aligners are easy to use, they are not suitable for complex problems. Additionally, all clear aligners are produced to fit the person’s teeth. High quality medical plastic is used in their production and the production process can be quite laborious.

4. Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are difficult to notice because they are close to the color of the teeth. Wire and elastic band are used in their production. They are the most ideal solution aesthetically. they are comfortable to use and do not cause any problems in aligning the teeth.

Ceramic braces are very effective, but they are extremely costly. The complexity of the production process is reflected in time. Ceramic braces are not resistant to damage. If care is not taken, they may break or crack. Also, elastic bands need to be changed frequently.

5. Lingual Braces

Lingual braces have wires that are attached to the back of the teeth, not the front. They are considered invisible in practice. They are aesthetically very attractive and have precise compatibility. However, mounting them at the back presents some disadvantages.

Lingual braces have a very difficult maintenance procedure. Their placement at the back of the teeth makes access difficult. Some people may experience pain and discomfort. Lingual braces are not the first choice in orthodontic treatments because their production is costly.

What Are The Benefits Of Dental Braces?

Braces are the ideal to solve problems such as gaps between teeth and misalignment. There are many different types and each has different reasons for preference. It’s a good to know the benefits of using dental braces before seeking orthodontic treatment.

  • Maintain Comfort: Problems such as misalignment cause the jaw muscles to become very tired. Extra stress is placed on the joints and therefore you may experience problems such as jaw discomfort. Orthodontic treatments provide you with relief.
  • Better Health: When your teeth are straight, you support your oral health. With problems such as overcrowded teeth, it may be difficult to keep your teeth clean. You can prevent potential gum diseases that may occur with orthodontic treatments.
  • Improved Smile: Proper teeth alignment or jaw alignment improves your smile. You can start moving more safely. You can turn to aesthetic-oriented solutions. This way, you will not have any problems in terms of biting and other functions.
  • Protecting Functions: If you have problems such as crooked teeth, they continue to worsen as you get older. Orthodontic treatments support your health. Thus, they protect your functions such as chewing and speaking.
  • Prevents Worsening: Early treatment steps will prevent problems from worsening. If there are gaps between teeth, you should eliminate them with various treatments. This way you can prevent problems from getting worse.

You should know that the benefits are not limited to these. There are different benefits such as bone erosion prevention, speech clearing, improving digestion and reducing teeth grinding. However, what everyone gains from the treatment may be different.

how are braces put on

How Are Braces Put On: Step by Step

The way braces are applied depends on the technique used. However, how long the process takes may vary from person to person. Generally, a two-stage application is used. While 15-20 minutes are required for a single arc, the entire process can take up to 1 hour.

  • Preparation Phase: In the preparation phase, the teeth are brought closer together. Rubber bands can be used for this. These procedures are generally performed around the back teeth. However, problems such as pain in the back teeth and jaw may happen.
  • Teeth Cleaning: Before proceeding with the procedure, the orthodontist uses a special paste to clean the teeth. Then, the teeth are waited to dry and when the process is completed, the process continues without any problems.
  • Bracket Attaching: Brackets are used to hold the wires on the teeth. Special adhesives are used before placing the brackets. During this process, blue light is used and adjustments are made to the adhesive, adhering to fine details.
  • Band Placing: A metal band is placed on the back teeth to hold the brackets. Molar teeth are preferred for this procedure. The bands should be the same size as the tooth. If the bands cause discomfort, the orthodontist needs to make fine adjustments.
  • Wire Adding: After the bracket and band placement is completed, the orthodontist connects the arch wires. A rubber band is used to attach the wire to the bracket. Afterwards, the ends of the arch wire are cut and prevented from contacting the gums.

The process of wearing dental braces is painless. You may feel uncomfortable for a while after it is inserted. If the discomfort persists for a long time, you should consult your dentist. The discomfort you experience can be eliminated by using orthodontic wax.

How To Care For Braces?

When you use braces, your goal is to improve oral and dental health. However, in order to get the full benefit, you should not neglect maintenance. Because stains may occur on them. At the same time, if you are not careful, you may encounter gum problems or cavities.

  • Regular Brushing: It’s a good idea to brush your teeth regularly for maintenance. Brushing your teeth twice a day is sufficient. You should use the right toothpaste and toothbrush when brushing your teeth. Soft-headed brushes are especially better.
  • Regular Mouthwash: It is not possible for a toothbrush to reach every point. For this reason, you should use mouthwash regularly. You can support your oral health as much as possible by gargling after brushing your teeth.
  • Water Pik: Some dentists recommend using water pik instead of dental floss. Although water pik is not easy to use, it is very effective. It is quite good at removing food residues. It is recommended to use after orthodontic treatments.
  • Food Consumption: People who benefit from orthodontic treatments need to be careful when consuming certain foods. Foods such as popcorn, hard fruits and hard candy should be avoided. Because these foods can harm your oral health.

You should get support from your dentist for care tips. You should not ignore the suggestions. Some dentists are extra meticulous about oral and dental health. If you stick to the recommendations, you can see the benefits of orthodontic treatments for longer.

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