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What Is Implant Treatment And What Are Its Types? - Healthio Turkey
 

What Is Implant Treatment And What Are Its Types?

February 15, 20240

Implant treatment is a dental treatment aimed at permanently replacing missing, broken and damaged teeth. Initially, its cost is higher than other treatment methods. However, it is more permanent in the long term and is the closest solution to natural teeth.

If you want to have a dental implant, you should carefully evaluate the pros and cons. During the implant consultation phase, your dentist should provide you with the necessary details. You should discover its advantages over alternative treatments such as dental prostheses.

What Is Implant?

A dental implant is a titanium screw that is surgically placed into the jawbone. This screw integrates with the bone tissue over time. It is the longest-lasting treatment for tooth loss. The duration of dental implant treatment varies from person to person.

After the dental implant fuses with the jawbone, crowns are placed on it. Crowns are generally made of ceramic and imitate real teeth. Unlike many other dental treatments, there is no need to cut or remove natural teeth in dental implant treatment.

If you get dental implants, you can use your teeth in a way similar to their natural functions. You will not have any problems in situations such as chewing and speaking. At the same time, you protect your other teeth and you will have very long-lasting new teeth.

types of dental implants

What Are Types Of Dental Implants?

There are two different standard methods for dental implant treatment. The first of these methods is endosteal implant and the second is subperiosteal implant. In addition to these standard methods, transosteal implants and zygomatic implants are available.

Apart from the treatment types, dental implants are divided into different types according to the material. Each type of material has pros and cons. In implant consultation, you can choose between titanium implants, zirconia implants or ceramic implants.

Types of dental implants by treatment method

There are four types of dental implants in implant treatment, two basic and two alternative. Each type of dental implant has a different usage area. Your dentist will determine which one best suits your needs. Thus, it guides you in the best way for implant treatment.

If you need standard solutions for dental treatment, an endosteal implant or subpreiostal implant is sufficient for you. If you have significant problems with your jawbone, then you may need to turn to alternatives. At the same time, the cost of treatment may increase.

1. Endosteal Implant

Endosteal implant is a type of implant that is placed directly into the jawbone. Your dentist creates appropriate holes by drilling into the jawbone. Afterwards, titanium implants are placed in the holes. They are covered with special covers and integration is waited.

Approximately 6 months are required for the endosteal implant to integrate. Crowns are placed after the implant fuses with the bone tissue. This way, you will have natural looking teeth. They are ideal for getting the longest-lasting results for your missing teeth.

2. Subperiosteal Implant

When you want to have dental implant treatment, there must be sufficient density of bone volume in your jawbone. If you do not have sufficient bone volume, you can choose subperiosteal implants placed in the gum tissue instead of endosteal implants.

In the surgery for the subperiosteal implant, a space is first created. Then, the metal frame is placed in the gap. The outer bone membrane may need to be elevated during this procedure. A period of 3-6 months is needed for the implant to fully integrate.

3. Zygomatic Implant

Zygomatic implant is a preferred implant type if there is extensive bone loss. This innovative implant treatment is used especially if there is bone loss in the back of your jaw. The surgery procedure is slightly different compared to standard implants.

The zygomatic implant is placed at an angle into the previously created hole. In this way, the load stress it will bring is removed from the lower jaw bones. If standard implant types are applicable, zygomatic implant is not a preferred method.

4. Transosteal Implant

Transosteal implant is also known as transcutaneous implant. It is used in people whose jawbone is not high enough. The way the implant treatment is applied is slightly different from others. Because an incision is made in both the chin area and the cheek area.

When it comes to denture integration, a low profile abutment is used in transosteal implant treatment. It is ideal for those with limited vertical bone height. Even though the application method is different, the success rate is similar to other types of implants.

Types of dental implants by material

Dental implants are mostly made of titanium. However, porcelain, ceramic and zirconium may be preferred depending on needs and budget. Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages. You need to be aware of these when making your choice.

Titanium is always at the forefront in dental implant materials. This is because titanium is the most functional and flexible material. Optionally, ceramic, zirconium and porcelain can be preferred. However, in any case, your dentist may recommend titanium first.

1. Titanium Implant

It is the most commonly used implant type according to the material. It forms a strong bond with the bone through osseointegration. It is also extra resistant to corrosion problems. It is a long-lasting solution and can be used for a lifetime if oral health is supported.

Another important detail in the use of titanium implants is aesthetic concern. Because titanium has a color close to the natural tone of teeth. Additionally, it is a much more affordable dental implant option than other implant types such as zirconium and ceramic.

2. Ceramic Implant

Ceramic implants are made of a crystalline material that is biocompatible. It is used when the natural transparency of tooth enamel is desired within the scope of implant treatment. Its biggest advantage is that it can provide almost perfect results in terms of aesthetics.

Ceramic implants are not as flexible as titanium implants. For this reason, they require more effort during implant treatment. If your budget allows you to make an aesthetically focused choice, it may be a good idea for you to choose ceramic instead of titanium.

3. Zirconium Implant

Zirconium implants are made using zirconium oxide. They are essentially considered a type of ceramic implant. They have a very strong structure and can fit perfectly with natural teeth. As a result of their strong structure, they are more durable than titanium.

Zirconium implants can be arranged on very small scales using advanced technologies. The CAD/CAM technology provides the opportunity to make plans down to the smallest detail. The most important disadvantage is that production costs are much higher than titanium.

4. Porcelain Implant

Porcelain is actually used to produce natural-looking crowns and advance bridge treatments. However, some implant manufacturers produce porcelain implants using monolithic zirconia. The main purpose of this initiative is to eliminate aesthetic concerns.

Porcelain implants are not immediately noticeable. The osseointegration phase is completed without any problems. The person obtains an image close to reality. Porcelain implants offer long-lasting use by taking advantage of the strength of zirconium dioxide.

advantages of dental implants

Advantages of Dental Implants

You may have different options when damaged or completely lost teeth need to be replaced. However, dental implant treatment is always one step ahead of the rest. Because it has advantages such as naturalness and extra durability that others cannot offer.

  • Preventing Tooth Decay: Natural teeth are affected by bacteria and problems such as infection or inflammation occur. Dental implants create a serious layer of defense against bacteria. Microbes are unlikely to adhere to dental implants.
  • Totally Natural Look: The most important advantage of implant treatment is compatibility with natural teeth. Solutions such as prosthetic teeth may be unnatural. Dental implant solutions can successfully imitate real tooth structure and shape.
  • Preventing Bone Loss: A dental implant prevents bone loss around the treated area. When your tooth is extracted, bone loss may occur in the jawbone over time. You will not face this kind of problem when you get a dental implant.
  • Natural Speech Support: If you have missing teeth, you may have difficulty making certain sounds. In dental implant treatment, it is fixed to the jawbone. Since very fine adjustments are possible, problems such as lisp are eliminated.
  • Preventing Face Changes: Since tooth loss causes bone resorption, some changes may occur on the face over time. You may look much older as a result of the changes. Dental implant supports tissues and prevents structural changes.
  • Bite Force Support: Your natural teeth can withstand the pressure required when biting food. Since implant treatment is integrated into the jawbone, you gain the necessary bite support. However, you cannot find the same support in other treatments.

Dental implant treatment is a permanent solution for tooth loss. As long as your dentist pays attention to treatment steps such as implant restoration and abutment placement, the chance of success is very high. It is even financially advantageous in the long run.

What Is The Implant Treatment Process?

The implant treatment process includes steps such as consultation, planning, making an appointment, performing the surgery, waiting for the recovery period, abutment placement and crown insertion. After all these are completed step by step, the aftercare plan is applied.

  • Initial Consultation: The first step in dental implant treatment is consultation. You can decide on the treatment plan by consulting with your dentist. You may consider the implant consultation as part of your examination.
  • Treatment Plan: Through consultation, it is decided whether implant treatment is suitable for you. A model is created for your teeth using x-rays and other techniques. Thus, your dentist decides where the implant should be placed.
  • Appointment Date: Your dentist tries to decide the most appropriate date to perform dental implant surgery. The most ideal treatment date suitable for you is selected. Implant treatment starts when you are at the dental clinic on the specified date.
  • Aftercare Plan: After implant treatment, an aftercare plan is created. You should never neglect the recommendations offered by your dentist. Aftercare plan is an important requirement for the success of the dental treatment.

If you have decided on implant treatment, you should know that the most time-consuming point will be the healing process. Dental implant surgery can be completed in 2-3 hours. However, a period of 3-6 months is required for the implant and bone tissue to fuse.

How is implant treatment performed?

There are many different steps that follow each other in the implant treatment process. Every step must be taken meticulously, from making an incision on the gums. In addition, implant restoration should not be ignored in order to get maximum efficiency from the treatment.

  • Initial Preparation: Your treatment plan should be completely unique to you. The initial preparation step for dental implant surgery includes scans and other examinations. Afterwards, surgical steps such as creating incisions and making holes are started.
  • Dental Surgery: Surgery is the most dense stage in implant treatment. Opening the incisions and and removal of missing or broken teeth is done in this step. It may also include steps such as creating tooth sockets and adding bone grafts.
  • Implant Placing: After the necessary preparations, implant screws are placed. There may be some differences in this step depending on the type of implant you choose. After the dental implant screws are placed, the step called osseointegration begins.
  • Osseointegration Process: Osseointegration is the fusion of implant and bone tissue. There is no clear time for osseointegration. The process may take up to 3-6 months. When the process is completed, the implant fuses with the bone tissue.
  • Abutment Placement: After the osseointegration period is completed, the visible parts of the implants are thoroughly cleaned of residues. Thus, abutment placement is done smoothly. After the abutment is placed, stable connections are ensured.
  • Crown Fitting: Within the scope of implant treatment, after abutment placement is completed, completely personalized crowns are added. While crowns are added, minor adjustments called implant restoration can be made.

You will need recovery time after the implant treatment is completed. You may feel swelling or pain in your teeth. Side effects disappear over time. As long as you stick to your dentist’s recommendations, your recovery process can progress faster.

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