What Is Tooth Abscess? Symptoms And Treatments - Healthio Turkey

What Is Tooth Abscess? Symptoms And Treatments

February 16, 20240

Tooth abscess is a pocket that forms when infection caused by bacteria breaks down the tissue. If you are worried about whether your tooth has an abscess, you can check it in the mirror. If there is swelling in your gum, it means that the pocket in the relevant part is filled with pus.

Dental abscess occurs due to the body’s natural defense approach. Its formation is related to the body’s fight against infection. However, the pus that forms is very disturbing. There is constant pressure applied to the nerve endings and this causes unbearable pain.

What Is Tooth Abscess?

Tooth abscess is a bacterial infection and can occur for various reasons. It is noticed by the accumulation of pus in a certain area of the gums. It is necessary to understand well the connection between dental abscess and oral health and systemic health.

Oral health is important for our lives in every sense. If you neglect oral hygiene, you will get into trouble with bacteria. Over time, bacteria can cause inflammation and infections. Even your systemic health is compromised when the infection begins to spread.

If tooth abscess occurs, bacteria can travel through the blood and go to other parts of the body. Dental infections affect your overall health. Problems such as heart diseases and diabetes may occur. For overall wellness, you should stay away from infections.

Since tooth abscess can cause systemic health problems, early diagnosis is very valuable. Also, early intervention should be considered to prevent the infection from spreading and creating dental cysts. You should go to the dentist as soon as you notice symptoms.

What Are The Types Of Tooth Abscess?

There is no single type of tooth abscess, and the types are classified according to the point where they occur. An examination by your dentist is necessary to understand which one you are dealing with. Everything is checked during the examination, including dental infection.

  • Gingival Abscess: Gingival abscess occurs around the gums near the base of the teeth. It is a symptom of local inflammation caused by bacteria.
  • Periapical Abscess: It occurs in the tooth root and is caused by bacteria. If there is a cavity in the tooth, bacteria can enter the dental pulp and reach the tooth root.
  • Periodontal Abscess: It is a type of tooth abscess that occurs inside the gum tissue. After it occurs, it affects the surrounding bone and gums.

Dental abscesses are classified in three different ways according to their point of formation. In addition to these, there is a condition called recurrent abscess. Recurrent abscess means the reappearance of a previously formed tooth abscess, but it is not a characteristic problem.

tooth abscess

What Are The Symptoms Of An Abscessed Tooth?

Symptoms of tooth abscess may differ depending on the progression. The most important symptom is toothache. Sometimes this pain can hit the ear or jaw. However, redness and swelling may be observed near the abscess. In rare cases, fever may be one of the symptoms.

  • Tooth Sensitivity: If infection caused by bacteria cause inflammation, tooth sensitivity occurs. Nerves in the pulp can react to heat and cold differently.
  • Swollen Gums: Swelling gums is one of the symptoms of tooth abscess and tooth sensitivity. Due to infection, swelling and redness occur in the gums.
  • Tooth Pain: When the infection gets stuck in the area between the teeth and gums, it creates serious pressure. In case of tooth abscess, the pain manifests itself as throbbing.
  • Bad Taste: As bacteria break down in the mouth, a bad taste may occur at the infection area. The development of a bad taste can affect your taste buds.
  • Swollen Face: If dental abscess spreads over a very large area, it can cause swelling in the face. If infection is not prevented, it may extend beyond the local area.

You should be aware of all symptoms of tooth abscess. If you do not go to the dentist even though you notice the symptoms, you may experience worse consequences. You can manage to overcome the problems you experience with the right treatment and oral care.

What Causes A Tooth Abscess?

Causes of tooth abscess are linked to bacterial infection. Infections can occur for many different reasons. Tooth decay, cracked tooth, broken tooth or incorrect dental treatment can cause infection. It is also necessary to be careful about risk factors.

  • Gum Disease: When pockets form in the gums, potentially dangerous bacteria can spread. Therefore, gum disease is one of the most important causes of tooth abscess.
  • Dental Cavity: A dental cavity can cause more problems if left untreated. Bacteria move towards the tooth roots, the infection can spread and leads to tooth abscess.
  • Compromised Enamel: Compromise of tooth enamel may occur due to various reasons. As microbes find space to infiltrate, an accumulation can cause dental abscess.
  • Wrong Treatment: You may have had various dental treatments before. If a treatment is done incorrectly, dental infection may occur and you may encounter dental abscess.

You should be careful about causes of tooth abscess. When bacteria start to move towards the surrounding tissues, you may encounter more problems than you think. As with every disease, early diagnosis is very important for tooth abscess treatment.

How To Prevent Tooth Abscess?

It is necessary to have good oral care habits for preventing tooth abscess. If you cannot develop a habit, your probability of having problems increases. You should keep your teeth clean and have regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings if necessary.

  • Balanced Diet: Having a vegetable-based diet strengthens your body’s immunity. Consuming too much sugar or acidic foods accelerates tooth decay.
  • Addressing Cavities: If you have tooth decay, you need to take them into consideration. Caries should be treated before it causes more serious problems such as tooth abscess.
  • Good Habits: Brushing your teeth twice a day is important for oral care. You should also take care to use dental floss and mouthwash. These habits protect your teeth.
  • Regular Checks: You should definitely visit a dentist every 6 months. You should ensure that your teeth remain healthy by having a professional dental cleaning.

If you do not want to have problems in terms of causes of tooth abscess, you should have good oral care habits. As long as you care about oral hygiene, your teeth will stay healthy. If you think you need treatment, you should go to the dentist as soon as possible.

How Do You Treat A Tooth Abscess?

The method to be followed for tooth abscess treatment varies from person to person. In cases where the infection is very advanced, different methods are used. For this, it is first necessary to be examined by a dentist in a clinical environment.

Before analyzing the symptoms, the location of the dental abscess should be detected by x-ray. If present, conditions such as gum disease and dental cavity should be checked. An assessment of the damage to the tooth can be made by examining the tooth enamel.

1. Root Canal Treatment

In case of periapical abscess, root canal treatment is used. The goal is to repair the tooth that is damaged due to reasons such as dental cavity. Your dentist drills the tooth and removes the pus. Afterwards, dead pulp tissue must be removed meticulously.

Root filling is used to fill the resulting gap. If dead pulp tissue is not removed during treatment, the infection may return and an abscess may form again. If the infection cannot be eliminated despite root canal treatment, it is necessary to extract the tooth.

2. Dental Abscess Drainage

In case of periodontal abscess, drainage should be performed. Your dentist may also want to clean the pocket. After drainage, straightening can be done on the root surface of the tooth. In some way, the infection is prevented from causing problems again.

A certain level of surgery is performed for abscess drainage. Gum tissue can be reshaped in all procedures performed after drainage. For this reason, you should not have gum disease before the procedure. Your dentist must perform all checks completely.

dental abscess

3. Antibiotic Medications

After the drainage process, the infection must be controlled. If the infection is not cleared up, antibiotics are used. If the drainage procedure is successful, there is generally no need for antibiotic use. In general, antibiotics are supportive in the tooth abscess treatment.

All symptoms of the problem you are experiencing should be taken into consideration. If tooth sensitivity bothers you a lot, it means that the infection continues to affect you. You must use the antibiotic prescribed by your dentist for the specified period of time.

4. Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction is one of the last options in the treatment of tooth abscess. Draining the infection and using antibiotics is often sufficient. However, if the tooth root and tooth enamel are too damaged, tooth extraction can be considered as an option.

If you have not cared much about your oral health, your tooth may now be beyond repair. Extraction of the tooth is the safest option. In this way, re-infection can be prevented. Even though it is the last option for preventing tooth abscess, it is necessary in some cases.

How Can I Relieve The Pain Of A Tooth Abscess?

Tooth pain caused by dental abscess is difficult to bear. If you are looking for a quick solution at home, you can turn to mouthwashes or over-the-counter painkillers. However, if you do not follow all the recommendations properly, you will not be able to get rid of the pain.

  • Saltwater Rinse: Saltwater rinse is especially effective for gum abscess. Gargling with saltwater 3-4 times a day can soothe your pain. Add salt to a glass of warm water and mix. Then try to soothe the pain by gargling with saltwater.
  • Pain Relievers: If saltwater rinse does not relieve the tooth pain, you can use an over-the-counter pain reliever. Ibuprofen is the most commonly used pain reliever and may help. These painkillers are effective for both gum abscess and tooth abscess.
  • Cold Compress: Cold compress is a solution for tooth pain. Especially in case of inflammation and swelling, you can apply cold compress to the area for 15-20 minutes. However, you should not put the ice cube directly on your skin and wrap it in a towel.
  • Oral Hygiene: One of the biggest mistakes people make is not paying attention to oral hygiene after the pain caused by dental abscess subsides. Oral hygiene is essential for preventing tooth abscess and you should never neglect it.

If you have a tooth abscess problem, waiting for your dentist appointment for a solution may mean you encounter more problems. Home remedies are short-term solutions. You should receive treatment as soon as possible and then pay as much attention to oral care.

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