What Is Gingivitis? Treatment and Symptoms - Healthio Turkey

What Is Gingivitis? Treatment and Symptoms

February 15, 20240

Gingivitis is a type of inflammation or infection of the gums. It is a somewhat common gum disease. You can avoid gingivitis by brushing your teeth regularly. It is also important to use the right toothbrush and toothpaste for your oral health.

Gingivitis is not contagious. Some people are more likely to develop gum disease than others. Genetic factors, poor oral hygiene, certain medications and systemic health problems are risk factors. Professional dental cleaning and antibiotics can be used in its treatment.

What Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is considered a mild problem among gum disorders. However, if care is not taken and oral hygiene is neglected, bigger problems may arise. Gingivitis can cause pain and is usually manifested by bleeding gums when brushing your teeth.

Gingivitis is a treatable disease. Recurrence of the disease can be prevented. You can keep your gums healthy by brushing your teeth regularly and using mouthwash at home. Your dentist will be able to guide you with the most accurate information.

However, if the causes of gingivitis are linked to systemic health issues, more than standard care procedures are needed. These types of problems may cause conditions such as tooth loss. If your health is poor, everything goes much faster.

What Are Signs and Symptoms of Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a condition in which bacteria accumulate and form plaque, which irritates the gums. If you pay attention to various details in your daily life, you can notice the symptoms of gingivitis. Recognizing the symptoms early is important for the success of the treatment.

  • Pocket Formation: The formation of pockets between the teeth and gums may cause inflammation to develop. The gums move away from the teeth and cavities form. As the pockets get deeper, the intensity of inflammation and bleeding increases.
  • Bad Breath: Gingivitis causes bacteria to multiply rapidly. Bacteria disturb both tissues and bone. Additionally, bacteria increase due to bleeding gums. As a result, microbes find more shelter in your mouth and bad breath problems occur.
  • Gum Inflammation: The body wants to fight against plaque formed in the gums. For this reason, conditions such as swollen gums and tooth sensitivity occur. If plaque formation cannot be prevented, problems may cause further inflammation.
  • Swollen Gums: In terms of gingivitis, swollen gums are one of the most distinctive symptoms. To fight the infection, the body increases blood flow to the infected area. As blood flow increases, the gums swell and inflammation becomes more evident.
  • Gum Recession: Gum recession occurs when tooth roots are exposed too much. When bacteria start to grow too much, they can damage the gums. If the bacteria are not stopped, more serious problems such as periodontitis can happen.
  • Bleeding Gums: Once bacteria forms plaque, it continues to accumulate along the gum line. As they irritate the gums, the tissues become very sensitive. As a result, even if you touch the toothbrush very lightly, you will experience bleeding gums.
  • Pus Development: There is no pus development in very simple gum diseases. If there is uncontrolled bacterial growth over a long period of time, pockets may form in the gums. Pockets begin to fill with dead bacteria and greenish pus develops.

It is necessary to be careful about the symptoms of gingivitis. If you neglect the care of your gums and teeth, you may face any situation including tooth loss. For treatment, your dentist may prescribe very strong antibiotics and resort to root planning.

what causes gingivitis

What Causes Gingivitis?

The main cause of gingivitis is the formation of plaque by bacteria in the gum line or on the teeth. The likelihood of gingivitis is much higher in people who have poor oral hygiene. The reason for this is that bacteria are not removed and inflammation increases.

  • Tartar Buildup: Bacteria that are not removed from the gums first cause plaque and then tartar formation. You cannot eliminate tartar by cleaning your teeth at home. Professional teeth cleaning like root planing is essential to repair your gums.
  • Certain Medications: All medications that affect the immune system increase the risk of gingivitis. Even though they are not clearly one of the causes of gingivitis, it is very important to control medications in cases of inflammation.
  • Systemic Problems: Systemic diseases weaken the immune system very quickly. The risk of inflammation of the gums is quite high. Systemic health issues are one of the causes of gingivitis that should be taken most seriously.
  • Hormonal Changes: All hormone fluctuations that may occur in the body can cause damage to the gums. You may experience more problems during pregnancy or adolescence. During such periods, the probability of gingivitis is high.
  • Genetic Factors: Some people may be more prone to dental diseases. The reason for this is genetic factors. If your family members have experienced gingivitis very frequently, a comprehensive examination is required before gingivitis treatment.
  • Bad Habits: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can leave you vulnerable to gum diseases. There is dysfunction in the cells in your gums. Problems such as infection occur. In such cases, the use of antibiotics may be necessary.
  • Poor Nutrition: If you have very unhealthy eating habits, you may have problems with your gums. If you do not get enough vitamin C, your gums may become infected. You may also experience problems such as swollen gums.

Gingivitis should not be confused with periodontitis because periodontitis is an irreversible disease. Once the symptoms of gingivitis are noticed, gum disorders can be eliminated with extra attention to oral hygiene and appropriate treatment methods.

How Do You Treat Gingivitis?

There are many different methods used to treat gingivitis. Your dentist performs the necessary checks to determine the best method. The primary step in treatment is to reduce inflammation and learn the reason behind it. Everything must proceed in a control.

The level of gingivitis varies from person to person. For this reason, the plan determined for gingivitis treatment should be specific to the individual. It is important to start treatment under the supervision of a dentist before more serious problems such as periodontitis occur.

1. Improving Oral Hygiene

Taking care of oral hygiene is one of the most important steps to treating gingivitis. You should brush your teeth carefully. Unless your dentist makes a different recommendation, you should make sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day.

You will need a certain level of habit to brush your teeth correctly. You should pay extra attention to the areas where you have problems. Because, if the inflammation is excessive, sometimes even touching it with a toothbrush can cause you to feel great pain.

2. Using Antibacterial Mouthwash

You can use antibacterial mouthwash to soothe aching gums. If you gargle after brushing your teeth, you can soothe your gums. Dentists recommend swishing mouthwash in the mouth for 20-30 seconds. So you can eliminate the accumulated bacteria.

In order for the mouthwash to be effective, it must be used regularly for at least 3 weeks. Use should be continued until the symptoms of gingivitis disappear. Also, you should not forget to brush your teeth. You should support your oral health in every sense.

3. Using Antiseptic Gels

If used correctly, topical antiseptic gels work well to treat gingivitis. These gels have antibacterial properties. They have the potential to kill existing bacteria when applied to the gums. Thus, they can eliminate the source of inflammation and infection.

Some antiseptic gels can reduce gum redness. Those with slightly lighter components are preferred for teeth cleaning. To get the most out of gels, dentists recommend making them part of your brushing rituals. However, gels are only a solution to mild gum diseases.

how to treat gingivitis

4. Professional Dental Cleaning

If none of the normal methods work to treat gingivitis, your dentist may recommend professional dental cleaning. Treatments called root planing and scaling are applied. Bacteria and plaque are gently scraped from your gums with proper tools.

Professional dental cleaning should be repeated every 6 months at the latest. Professional cleaning contributes to your oral hygiene and helps your gums always stay healthy. Any type of oral and dental cleaning is valuable in combating gingivitis.

5. Regular Dental Examination

Gingivitis is sometimes much more than a simple problem. If you have regular dental examinations, the dentist can detect factors that cause gum diseases, including systemic health issues. An appropriate treatment plan can be created with in-depth examinations.

Some people may prefer regular checkups as a preventative measure. Especially those who want to be informed about oral and dental health want to trust the dentist’s guidance. Inspections not only solve problems, they can also be educational about gingivitis.

What’s The Fastest Way To Cure Gingivitis?

In the gingivitis treatment, it is always better to follow the methods determined by your dentist. However, sometimes you may want to find the most effective and fastest treatment. Some steps you can take at home may facilitate the treatment process.

  • Healthy Diet: If you have a lot of problems with your teeth, you should choose sugar-free foods. You should also support your body by consuming plenty of water.
  • Dental Floss: You cannot reach between your teeth with normal toothbrushes. You should floss to eliminate problems such as bleeding gums.
  • Tooth Brushing: You should brush your teeth at least twice a day. For oral hygiene, you should prefer to use a toothpaste containing fluoride and a soft-head toothbrush.
  • Mouthwash: You should not forget to use mouthwash after brushing your teeth. You should use a good mouthwash to eliminate bacteria in your mouth.
  • Salt Water: If you do not want to use the mouthwash sold in markets, you can gargle by mixing some salt in warm water. So you can calm the inflammation a little.
  • Oral Gel: You can use oral gel containing Aloe vera as it has healing properties. Simply apply the gel to the gums and repeat for a while.

If any method you try does not help you solve your gingivitis problem, you should consider professional dental cleaning. Your gums may need more serious care. You should definitely take precautions before experiencing tooth loss or any other problems.

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