What Causes Gum Recession? Symptoms and Treatment - Healthio Turkey

What Causes Gum Recession? Symptoms and Treatment

February 16, 20240

Gums have pink tissue and this tissue is responsible for protecting tooth roots. Gum recession is a condition in which the gums recede and expose more of the tooth. If left unnoticed and untreated, more serious problems may occur in the gums.

You need to have information about gum recession causes. It is not possible for the gums to regenerate naturally if they are damaged. Dealing with troublesome treatments such as gum grafts is more difficult than knowing the causes and taking precautions.

What Is Gum Recession?

Gum recession is also known as gum margin recession, gingival recession or receding gums. It is a problem with the gums starting to pull away from the teeth. The teeth are exposed a little more. Progression of the problem in the gums causes intense tooth sensitivity.

Receding gums are a much more common problem, especially in adults. Recognizing the gum recession symptoms early is critical for treatment. If you have darkened gums, bleeding gums, and persistent bad breath, you should be careful.

You can take various steps on your own at home to prevent problems such as receding gums. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day is an important step. At the same time, you should pay attention to your general health and stay away from bad habits such as smoking.

How To Prevent Gum Recession?

Gum recession is a very common problem. The gums recede and afterwards, spots called pockets are formed. The pockets quickly fill with bacteria and a wide variety of dental conditions can begin to occur. However, receding of gum can be prevented.

  • Proper Oral Hygiene: If you pay attention to oral hygiene, you can prevent gum recession. Gum margin recession will no longer be a problem for you.
  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Your teeth and gums need regular care. Home care procedures are not always sufficient. You should have regular dental checkups.
  • Proper Tooth Brushing: You should use the correct techniques when brushing your teeth. If you brush your teeth gently, you can prevent gum problems.
  • Learn Risk Factors: You should be aware of risk factors such as aging, smoking, clenching, grinding and misalignment of teeth.

You should not forget that oral hygiene is important above all else. If you neglect oral care, you may encounter many different problems, including receding of gums. Even if you are treated, you should continue to care about oral health.

symptoms of gum recession

What Are The Symptoms Of Gum Recession?

If your tooth roots have started to become exposed, you are very likely to experience gum recession. Conditions such as bleeding gums may cause more problems. The earlier you notice the gum recession symptoms, the more advantageous you will have for treatment.

  • Tooth Sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity is one of the earliest symptoms of gum recession. The more advanced the receding of gums is, the more tooth sensitivity is felt.
  • Exposed Roots: Receding protective gum tissues exposes tooth roots hidden at the gum line. Exposed tooth roots are one of the clearest symptoms.
  • Tooth Length: A change in the tooth length of the tooth may mean that you are experiencing receding of gums. At the same time, tooth roots are exposed.
  • Tooth Alignment: The recession does not progress the same at every point. For this reason, alignment problems occur and this is an important sign of recession.

Gum recession symptoms are quite diverse. Sometimes you may experience several symptoms at the same time. The first thing you should pay attention to is tooth sensitivity. Afterwards, you can take a look at other important symptoms such as exposed tooth roots.

What Causes Recession Of Gums?

Gum recession causes are quite diverse. In general terms, many of them are linked to a person’s lifestyle. Incorrect and aggressive tooth brushing is an important factor. Also, neglecting oral hygiene is one of the most serious problems for recession of gums.

  • Periodontal Diseases: Long-term plaque buildup on the gums can cause chronic inflammation. If chronic inflammation occurs, gum recession happens.
  • Tooth Brushing: If you brush your teeth incorrectly, you will damage your gums. You should use correct tooth brushing techniques when cleaning your teeth.
  • Oral Hygiene: People with poor oral hygiene are very likely to experience gingival recession. Ignoring oral care can cause unexpected problems.
  • Genetics: Genetic factors have an impact on gum margin recession. Gum problems are more common in people with a family history of periodontal disease.
  • Hormonal Changes: Sudden changes in hormones cause temporary gum problems. Even if not directly, they have a negative impact indirectly.

Gum recession causes should be examined thoroughly in order to determine the appropriate treatment. In most circumstances, the most effective steps involve identifying the causes. Tooth brushing, oral hygiene and similar problems can be solved at home.

Gum Recession Treatment

Surgical and non-surgical methods are used for gum recession treatment. If you are experiencing very mild gum recession, you can try to find a solution to your problem by using antibiotics, desensitizing toothpaste and other non-surgical methods.

Surgical methods used in the gum recession treatment are a little more difficult. However, it is possible to obtain clearer results. Even though gum recession is treated, there is always a risk of the problem recurring If you do not pay attention to oral hygiene.

1. Scaling And Root Planing

Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical treatment for receding gums. Procedures are performed to remove bacteria from the surface of the teeth or below the gum line. Precautions can be taken against gum recession with a deep cleaning.

Scaling and root planing does not create gum tissue. Instead, it prevents further damage from occurring. It contributes significantly to general dental health. It may be necessary to visit the dental clinic several times for the procedures to be completed.

2. Gum Graft Surgery

It is a method used to reverse gum recession. New tissue is placed to cover the exposed tooth roots. It is performed by a periodontist. Since its success rate is high, it is generally one of the first preferred methods. It is effective in covering a large part of the tooth.

Even though gum graft surgery is a solution for gum margin recession, it primarily eliminates sensitivity. It supports oral aesthetics by making the gums look smoother. Additionally, it prevents problems such as tooth decay and dental inflammation.

gum recession treatment

3. Regenerative Procedures

Regenerative procedures can be used in gum recession treatment. Gum grafting and tissue regeneration are among such procedures. Each procedure has advantages and disadvantages. For this reason, it is very important to make a choice that suits the person.

  • Guided Tissue Regeneration: It is a method used to renew periodontal tissues. It basically ensures the regeneration of gum tissue. An artificial membrane is used for this. In this way, the growth of bone-forming cells is ensured.
  • Enamel Matrix Derivative: It is a method used for the regeneration of the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is a very common method in periodontal treatments. When success is achieved, periodontium formation is supported in the best possible way.

In order to get maximum efficiency from regenerative procedures, several procedures can generally be used together. Methods such as tissue cloning can be used to ensure that the newly created tissues can adapt to the gums effectively in the long term.

4. Pinhole Surgical Technique

Pinhole surgical technique is a suitable method to treat mild gum recession. It is used to cover exposed root surfaces. It offers extra protection against sensitivity and can be considered a very good solution in terms of aesthetics.

In the treatment, very small points called pinhole incisions are made. Thanks to these small points, root planing is done carefully. Then, the gum tissue is re-positioned. Invisible stitches that are not very noticeable are also used in the gum recession treatment.

5. Home Remedies For Gum Recession

Since gum recession is such a common problem, over time people have found some home remedies that can soothe the discomfort. The most important of these are classic solutions such as brushing teeth, gargling and using dental floss.

  • Turmeric Gel: Turmeric contains components that have antioxidant properties. These ingredients can help prevent gum recession. Plaque formation can be prevented, especially when turmeric is used in gel form.
  • Salt Mixture: You can gargle by mixing salt with warm water. Gargling with salt water prevents gingivitis. Gargling two or three times a day can prevent gingival recession and is extra valuable for oral hygiene.
  • Green Tea: Green tea is known for its calming effect. It helps support healthy gums. Drinking a glass of green tea during the day can prevent other gum problems, including gum recession. However, consumption should not be excessive.

Remember, gargling with hydrogen peroxide, using fluoride toothpaste, or cleaning between your teeth with dental floss is what you should always do. Other suggestions for easing gum recession are home remedies that can supplement routine steps.

What’s The Best Toothpaste For Gum Recession?

Since gum recession is a common problem, toothpaste manufacturers have a variety of products to address this issue. Special formulas developed approach gum problems differently. Some say it prevents gum recession, while others say it relieves sensitivity.

  • Parodontax: Parodontax can provide a solution to the problem of gingival recession with its product labeled “active gum repair”. You can eliminate plaque formation and bleeding when you brush your teeth twice a day for 10-12 weeks.
  • Sensodyne: Sensodyne focuses directly on solving tooth sensitivity with its product labeled “original mint”. To solve the sensitivity problem, you need to use toothpaste at least 2 times a day for 2-3 weeks. This way you can create a protective barrier.

No matter what type of toothpaste you use, you need to brush your teeth regularly. You should get support from mouthwash or dental floss to reach the spaces between the teeth. You should maintain oral hygiene by brushing your teeth at least twice a day.

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