Tooth Cyst Definition And Causes - Healthio Turkey

Tooth Cyst Definition And Causes

February 16, 20240

Tooth cyst is the soft tissue formed around a tooth. It is sometimes described as a fluid sac and can be quite uncomfortable. It is necessary to follow appropriate methods for treatment and pay attention to oral care steps that will not allow cyst formation.

One of the most important factors in tooth cyst formation is dead teeth. Also, improper application of a dental treatment can cause cysts. If you notice that tissue in your mouth has started to grow strangely, you should suspect a cyst and visit a dentist.

What Is A Tooth Cyst?

A tooth cyst is a type of dental problem that is filled with a liquid substance and occurs in cavities. It can occur in the gums or jawbone where an unerupted tooth is located. If the resulting cyst is not treated, it may cause many different dental issues.

Dental cyst can have a significant impact on overall oral health. Due to pressure, tooth loss, tooth sensitivity, bone loss and other problems may occur. For this reason, preventive steps such as proper oral hygiene should be taken before tooth cyst formation occurs.

If a dental cyst is left untreated, it can damage the surrounding teeth and bone over time. For example if periapical cyst grows, it puts more pressure on the teeth. Additionally, if left untreated for too long, the infection can spread and cause unexpected swelling.

Unless the cyst is removed, it always has the risk of growing and causing various complications. Fluid production continues and the fluid produced causes the cavity to grow. Preventing growth is one of the leading steps for tooth cyst treatment.

causes of tooth cysts

What Are Causes Of Tooth Cysts?

A dental cyst usually forms at the tip of a dead tooth root. However, there are different ways for tooth cyst formation. It may occur as a complication after any dental treatment. In some cases, tooth cyst may be the result of a hereditary disorder.

  • Pulp Infection: Tooth decay causes bacteria to enter the pulp in the tooth. The body tries to fight with the infection. Fluid accumulation occurs during this fight, and fluid accumulation is one of the most common causes of tooth cysts.
  • Developmental Problems: Tooth formation is a process and it is important that the process goes smoothly. In some cases, the tissue under the gum does not break down. As a result, frequent problems such as dentigerous cyst occur.
  • Tooth Damage: Tooth damage can occur for many different reasons and ways. Incorrect root canal therapy, fillings and any other treatments can damage the tooth. Damage triggers pressure and dental cyst problem occurs with fluid accumulation.
  • Genetic Factors: Even in very rare cases, problems such as periapical cysts may be caused by genetic factors. Poor bone structure is considered a genetic factor. However, it is not as common as other causes of tooth cysts.

Whatever the cause of a dental cyst, it should not be allowed to cause further dental issues. You should be careful about tooth cyst symptoms and get professional support. The dentist can create an appropriate treatment plan through scans and examinations.

What Are Symptoms And Signs Of Tooth Cysts?

Tooth cyst symptoms can be difficult to recognize when confused with a different dental problem. The main symptoms are pain, discomfort, swelling, tooth sensitivity and redness. If the cyst is left untreated for a long time, it may cause a change in the tooth appearance.

  • Some Pain: As the dental cyst grows, it causes pain. This is because it puts pressure on the nerves in the tooth. The severity of pain may vary depending on the infection.
  • Some Swelling: As the dental cyst grows, it takes up more space and affects the gums. Regardless of the types of tooth cyst, the gums swell outwards over time.
  • Tooth Sensitivity: When a dental cyst is very close to the tooth root, it causes tooth sensitivity. The pressure it creates can irritate the nerves and cause sharp pain.

Since it is difficult to notice the tooth cyst symptoms, most of the time you cannot realize it unless you experience very serious discomfort or pain. You may not even be aware of its existence without various scans and x-rays from your dentist.

What Are Types Of Tooth Cysts?

It is not correct to talk about a single type of dental cyst. Classification can be made depending on the causes and locations of formation. Once you understand the types of dental cysts, you can ask your dentist for more information and treatment methods.

  • Periapical Cysts: It is the most common type of dental cyst and can be called by different names. It occurs after the death of the pulp tissue in the tooth. Tooth decay is an important factor in the formation of cysts. Inflammation may occur at the root tips.
  • Dentigerous Cysts: It generally occurs in wisdom teeth in the lower jaw. The reason is the pressure created by the tooth. Blood flow is blocked and fluid accumulation occurs. Inflammation and infection are more common in dentigerous cysts.
  • Mucous Cysts: Mucous cysts occur on the inside of the cheek, tongue and lips. It is generally the result of a trauma. If you have this type of cyst, you may sometimes see fluid secretion. It also has a repetitive characteristic.
  • Odontogenic Cysts: Odontogenic cysts occur in the jawbone and are very rare. It’s really hard to detect when it’s buried in bone. Its size can reach larger sizes than other types of tooth cysts. Different methods may be needed for its treatment.

Dentigerous cyst and periapical cyst are the most common types. If these are not treated, they can cause different dental issues. There are treatment options such as root canal therapy or tooth extraction. Your dentist will make the best choice for you.

tooth cysts treatment

Treatment Options For Tooth Cysts

There are different methods for the tooth cysts treatment. For diagnosis, x-ray must first be used to detect the cyst. After the clinical examination, the dentist must evaluate the cyst and perform a biopsy if necessary. In this way, the most appropriate treatment can be decided.

  • The primary treatment option is cyst enucleation. With this procedure, the cyst lining is accessed and the cyst is surgically removed without damaging the surrounding tissues.
  • Root canal therapy is not a frequently used treatment method. Because tooth cyst does not occur inside the tooth. It is used in case of very intense infection.
  • If the tooth cyst has seriously damaged the dental tissue and bone, the only solution is tooth extraction. In the first place, the focus is on saving the tooth.
  • Antibiotics are used to clear up any remaining inflammation or infection after other treatments. Antibiotics are short-term and reduce the risk of recurrent tooth cysts.

Your dentist takes your health history into consideration to determine the most appropriate tooth cyst treatment method. If the cyst is not very large, it can be removed easily. However, if it has caused too much damage to its environment, extra procedures are inevitable.

How Are Tooth Cysts Different From Other Dental Conditions?

Dental cyst is often confused with tooth abscess. Simply put, tooth abscess is an infected dental cyst. Tooth abscess occurs from bacteria in the gum. Just like periapical cyst, the main cause is tooth decay. If the tooth abscess is very large, surgical treatment is needed.

Tooth cyst is sometimes confused with dental granulomas. Dental granulomas are caused by infections but are very small in size. They heal immediately as long as oral hygiene is taken into consideration. For this reason, there is no need for methods such as tooth extraction.

Tooth cyst should not be confused with blisters and tumors. Blisters are fluid-filled lesions that form inside the mouth, but they are not as hard as cysts. Tumors do not cause pain, but they are one of the health problems that need to be treated.

Regardless of the causes of tooth cyst, you need to start treatment as soon as possible. As a preventive step, you should pay attention to oral hygiene. You should brush your teeth every day, use dental floss, and keep your mouth clean with mouthwash.

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